Department of Preventing Enforced Disappearances, Terrorists Hijackings and Terrorists Taking of Hostages
The Department aims at implementing the UN General Assembly Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances by ‘Any Armed Forces”; Dec., 2006. UN General Assembly Conventions. Against Taking of Hostages” by Any Armed Forces”, New York, Dec., 1979. UN Convention against Corruptions “of Any Armed Forces” New York, 2003.
It is practiced by governments in every region, and in many countries is increasing in Libya, Syria Yemen, Soudan, etc (…). That’s why the UN Human Rights Office has launched an initiative to double the number of ratifications of the International Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance within five years. In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person’s fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.
They may come at any time – often in unmarked vans, wearing plain clothes, but sometimes openly, in uniform in Libya, Syria, Yemen , Soudan, etc. The people they seize may never be seen again, and their arrest and detention may never be acknowledged. Held in secret, the “disappeared” are deprived of the protection of the law; often tortured. According to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, which came into force on 1 July 2002, when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed at any civilian population, a “forced disappearance” qualifies as a crime against humanity and, thus, is not subject to a statute of limitations.
Often, forced disappearance implies murder. The victim in such a case is abducted, illegally detained and often tortured during interrogation, and killed, with the body hidden. Typically, a murder will be surreptitious, with the corpse disposed of to escape discovery so that the person apparently vanishes. The party committing the murder has plausible deniability, as nobody can provide evidence of the victim’s death. “Disappearing” political rivals is also a way for regimes to engender feelings of complicity in populations. The difficulty of publicly fighting a government that murders in secret can result in widespread pretense that everything is normal, as it did in the Dirty War in Argentina.
The International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, adopted by the UN General Assembly on 20 December 2006, also states that the widespread or systematic practice of enforced disappearances constitutes a crime against humanity. It gives victims’ families the right to seek reparations, and to demand the truth about the disappearance of their loved ones.
The Following is a List of Notable Cargo Ships Aircraft Hijackings.
The department is charge of Aircraft hijacking (air piracy or aircraft piracy) which is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by state, or an individual or a group or terrorists under The Hague Hijacking Convention (formally the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft. In most cases, the pilot is forced to fly according to the orders of the hijackers. Occasionally, however, the hijackers have flown the aircraft themselves and used them in terrorists suicide attacks, such as the September 11 attacks, and in at least three cases, the plane was hijacked by the official pilot or co-pilot.
February 7, 2014: Pegasus Airlines Flight 751, during the start of the 2014 Winter Olympics, a man attempted to hijack Pegasus Airlines Flight 751 that was on a flight from Kharkiv, Ukraine, to Istanbul, Turkey, saying he had a bomb on board, and demanding to be flown to Sochi, the host city of the 2014 Winter Olympics. The pilots turned off the inflight monitors and landed at Istanbul’s Sabiha Gökçen Airport, fooling the man into thinking he was landing in Sochi. The plane, a Boeing 737-800, was escorted to Istanbul by two Turkish F-16 fighter jets. The man, who appeared to be severely intoxicated, was detained by police and taken to the Istanbul Security Headquarters.
- February 17, 2014: Ethiopian Airlines Flight 702, a scheduled flight from Addis Ababa to Rome was forced to proceed to Geneva airport. According to the airline, the Boeing 767-300 (ET-AMF) was flying north over Sudan when it changed its transponder to squawk 7500 indicating a hijacking. Nearing Geneva, the pilots communicated with air traffic control to inquire about possibility of hijackers receiving asylum in Switzerland. The aircraft circled the airport several times, before landing around 6:00 in the morning with one engine and less than 10 minutes of fuel remaining. The airport remained closed as the aircraft stayed on the tarmac. At 7:12 local time, the pilots communicated to air traffic control that they would be ready to disembark passengers in five minutes. The hijacker which was the co-pilot was arrested.
- March 29, 2016: Flight MS181, an Egyptair Airbus A320 carrying 81 passengers from Alexandria to Cairo, was taken over after a passenger said he was wearing an explosives belt and was diverted to Larnaca International Airport. The hijacker surrendered after hours of negotiations and no casualties were reported.
- December 23, 2016: Flight 209, an Afriqiyah Airways Airbus A320 carrying 118 passengers from Sebha, Libya to Tripoli, was diverted to Malta International Airport with two men on board claiming to carry a hand grenade. The hijackers tried to blow the aircraft up, but eventually surrendered to authorities with no incident or loss of life.
- Apr 15, 2018: an airplane of Air China, flight CA1350, was hijacked and diverted to Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport.